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He is being a puppy, and you can teach him the rules:
1. Read the Sticky: The Bite Stops Here, in the new owner section.
2. In addition, follow the tweaks that I've listed at the end of this post. Watch for the "apology."
3. One reason that he's cranky, is that he wants more exercise, as you gathered.. and you'll have to wait.
4. Also, at 4 - 5 mos, he is teething, losing his baby teeth and growing his adult teeth, so his mouth may be sore. You can freeze a wet cloth or a stuffed Kong and give it to him to chew, and soothe his gums. Should be better in a few weeks.
5. Pits are loving and intelligent. They want to please you, so when he bites you, if you say Ow!!! and leave the area, he may quickly learn that he shouldn't bite. And, since an adult dog can easily play bite and draw blood, you want to teach him that teeth never touch skin.
6. After you understand how to teach Bite Inhibition, you will want to play games that "stir aggression" so that you can teach him to have Bite Inhibition no matter how excited he gets.
7. I think your pup may like to swim, despite not liking rain. So after the Parvo shots, try taking him to the beach.... then later, take him swimming while it's raining to get over his issue with getting wet...

Some Tweaks to Bite Inhibition (to get him to stop biting when he wants to play):
1. When the pup bites, then yelp. It should sound about like what the pup does when you step on its paw... don't step on his paw for a sample :). When you yelp, the pup should startle briefly and stop nipping. Praise and pet. He'll bite.
2. When he bites the second time, Yelp. When he stops, praise and pet. He'll nip again, although it may be a little gentler. ...
3. When he bites a third time, Yelp (see a pattern?). But this time, turn your back for 15 - 30 secs. If he comes around and play bows or barks, then that is an apology. This is important. Accept it, praise and pet... and cringe in expectation of the next nip...
4. When he bites the 4th time, Yelp, then leave the area, placing him in a 2 min. time-out. It is better if you can leave, rather than moving him. Then, return and interact. (He's still hungry...)
5. When he nips the fifth time, yelp, and leave the area, stopping interaction for now.

Pups need to sleep over night in order to learn their lessons. So, keep doing this for 3 days. By the third day, you should notice signficant Bite Inhibition. He may still nip, but it will be softer and he won't draw blood. Keep up the training and make sure that everyone yelps.... Very powerful method.

If you learn the technique, then you can apply the "yelp" to other circumstances, also. I believe that "yelp" is "Please don't do that, I don't like it." in dog communication. I currently use the yelp when my dog plays tug, then runs with the toy, when he fetches and keeps it out of reach or when he takes a treat too quickly....

If Yelp! doesn't work, try Ouch! or Oops!... and if the sound doesn't register, go louder....
 

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It's important to teach him as much as possible now, to make rigid rules, and to let him know what they are, while he is a puppy eager to learn, rather than eager to be an independent adolescent. But, use more positive methods, anticipating and avoiding opportunities to do things wrong , while rewarding as many desireable behaviors as possible. Any behavior that you allow as a puppy, he will continue and amplify as an adult...

As far as nipping, you have to be more persistent than the pup for at least 3 days. I imagine that you've stepped on the pup at least once. When he yelped, did he whimper or did he shreik like a firetruck. Make sure that your Ouch! is just as forceful. Also, if you know when he will nip, then try interacting with him in a room, such as the kitchen or bathroom, where you can lock him briefly with no distractions and no potential damage, as a 30 second timeout. Then, every time he nips, screech Ouch!, walk out the room, close the door, and ignore him for 30 sec. ... If he barks or scratches, try to wait him out, opening the door, when he takes a breath... then prepare to say Ouch! and leave him alone again, immediately, when he nips you, this time staying out for 2 min. Try this consistently a few times a day for at least 3 days... He's not being Alpha with your wife... he's being a bully, b/c he can get away with it with no repercussions. Pups tend to learn quickly with quick and consistent consequences.

As far as scratching, if he has scratched, and someone opened the door, then he learned that he can get attention, or come inside by scratching. One suggestion is to ignore him and then let him in only when he's quiet... I've heard of one person that tied a jingle bell to an outside post and another to the backdoor... adn the dog learned to ask to come in or out by nudging the bell. Every time the dog went to the door, the owner jiggled the bell and said Out!, or In!, then let the dog through the door.

In my case, when my pup scratched, I opened the door, kneeled down, quietly said "No!" (to let him know that I had heard him), then closed the door... eventually he seemed to learn that the consequence for scratching was that I actively left him outside. I'm not sure if your pup would let you do that...
 
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