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Some interactions that we've experienced:

1. Large, unsocialized dog on-leash, b/c he may be unpredictable meeting a large, socialized dog off-leash, b/c he is non-reactive and predictable.
2. Small, unsocialized dog on-leash, b/c he is unpredictable meeting a large, socialized dog off-leash ... who got nipped, anyway ....
3. Small, unsocialized dog on-leash, b/c he is unpredictable meeting a large, socialized dog on-leash ... still got nipped, before anyone could react.
4. Small, socialized dog on-leash meeting a large unsocialized dog on-leash ... no threats or reactivity
5. Small, very socialized dog off-leash meeting a large unsocialized but predictable dog on-leash ... no threats or reactivity [Turid Rugaas type interaction!]

If you don't know the dogs, both should be on-leash. If they are unpredictable, you might want to walk them together with one or two people in between.
If you know that Quill will react on-leash, but will NEVER react badly off-leash, you might try off-leash if you have experienced that he will back off in the face of an attack.

Note that some small dogs can sniff nicely and then nip suddenly, anyway. Most dogs do not attack randomly, but usually have a history of a 'predictable' pattern of behavior, even if it is an 'unpredictable' attack. Fear biting/nipping, especially from timid dogs and some small dogs meeting with large dogs may not be predictable and can be expected if seen as a probable pattern (greater than 50% of the time). See Ian Dunbar for a more detailed treatise.

So, until you have more info about the small, older dog, I suggest that he be on-leash, with the potential that he might nip Quill as any time and without a warning growl.
 
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