The problem with the supervision bit is I just can’t watch her very second of every day. I live alone, am a full time college student, part time worker. Fortunately with Covid I’m at home for school, but even so I need time to focus on my zoom meetings and time to focus on homework. A little over a week ago we were finally getting into a routine of, wakeup, walk, eat, go outside for a bit. And then when I sit at my desk for class, she would either lay in her bed or at my feet until I got up and was done. Which was exactly the routine I wanted, but now she’s pushing boundaries. And then for work I’m gone 5-8 hours a day 4 times a week (Though she’s very good when I’m gone, she hasn’t torn up anything or gone potty in the house and etc while I’m at work). I don’t want to crate her for that long because then she’ll associate crating with me leaving, or with being bored for way too long and it’ll turn the crate into a negative experience for her. And since the problems mainly arise when I’m in the house, I think it would just be a negative experience for nothing. She’s already stubborn enough, and if the crate is anything she doesn’t like it’s over she’ll never go in it again. I alreafd think I will have trouble getting her in a crate, because she was confiscated form a hoarding situation where she most likely was crated for days on end without attention. I basically inherited a 5 m/o pup with the people manners and training of an unweaned pup. So having to start from scratch like that has been hard. I’m also positive they abused her which is why she is so defiant and stubborn to do anything she doesn’t want. And since she is so stubborn and it’s often hard to get her attention back on me when she’s riled up and overstimulated (be it excitement or frustration). I’ve contemplated an e-collar as a means to get her attention, focus on the command Im giving her and then reward her for listening. Though ecollars are a slippery slope of used incorrectly. And since I’m no trainer I don’t know if I wanna risk it. I’ve been looking at all sorts of avenues to upkeep the training we’ve done for 2 months that has seemingly been undone by her teenage stage (getting new toys for motivation, getting a higher caliber treat for situations where I’m struggling to get her attention, getting a crate). But I’m obviously in the market for any advice that could help keep her on course to being a well trained dog.