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I recently adopted a rescue dog (10 days ago) named Hazel. She is around 2 years old, incredibly sweet, house-trained and never barks. Eats and drinks fairly normally. Ideal for someone living in a townhome like myself. However, she also is incredibly timid. She has two spots that she stays in - her downstairs crate and her upstairs bed - and hates leaving either spot. Sometimes you can coax her out of one of the spots, but she'll just scurry over to the other one. She'll go out on the leash, but she tugs incessantly. I've been trying to train her to stop doing that by stopping and giving her commands not to tug every time she does, but as soon as we start walking again she starts tugging again. As soon as she comes back inside, she makes a mad dash for her crate - she often bangs against the side of it because she's so desperate to get to her crate.

I recognize that this may just be part of the process of adopting a rescue, and I'm fine with waiting for her to come out of her shell. However, I'm worried that I'm missing something that I should be doing to get her to feel safe and at home. Am I coddling her by letting her stick to her spots? Or should I just give her the space she needs and let her venture out on her own?

I visited the vet with her yesterday, and she recommended I put her on Prozac, which Hazel will be starting tonight. She also will be starting training the 24th.
 

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I'm surprised your vet is giving her medication so soon. It could be that she just needs time to adjust to her new surroundings.

Keep an eye on her for any changes in her behavior (good or bad). I believe it may take a couple of weeks for the medication to build up in her system to a point where you'll see the effects.

In the meantime, I'd suggest a few sessions a day where all you do is hand-feed her small treats. This will help her to learn that she gets good things from you. This is what trainers recommend people do with new puppies. Here are a couple of articles on the subject:
https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/training/hand-feed-your-dog-dinner
https://www.puppyleaks.com/hand-feeding-your-dog-is-great-doesnt-cure-resource-guarding
 

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I am also surprised that your vet prescribed Prozac so quickly, but I'm not a vet, so who knows.

You've barely had her for 2 weeks yet, and every dog is different. Adult dogs often need months to really settle into a home. Let her stay in her safe spots, but try throwing her a treat every time you walk by. If she does come out, throw her a treat but otherwise do not acknowledge her. She needs to know that she is safe in your home, and you trying to force her out of her spot will only make her even more afraid.

What type of trainer have you chosen for her? I ask because with a timid dog, you really only want a positive reinforcement based trainer. Any harsh methods will ruin any chance of building a good relationship with her, and will make her shut down even more than she already is.

As far as the pulling on the leash goes, practice some leash skills in the house, if you can. If she is too nervous in the house, bring her outside. You might not get past the drive way, but what you can do is any time she pulls, turn around and go the other way - or stop, and wait for her to stop pulling until you move. She pulls, repeat the process. Praise and give her a treat any time you take a step without her pulling.
 
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