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Definitely leash reactivity. That's about the age Quill's reactivity started. If your dog plays well with other dogs off leash, he could just be leash reactive -- that's how Quill is. I've never seen him act anything other than appropriately with other dogs off leash, but on leash he is a hot growling, barking, lunging mess for dogs, bikes, and people.

The training forum has a lot of great information about reactivity (try this). I saw a trainer who had a reactivity-specific class because I had no idea how to handle it either, since I had never met a reactive dog. Quill is a quick learner so he figured out it was a class with the same people and dogs and maybe didn't benefit as much from it, but I learned how to be a confident handler and how to appropriately deal with it, so if you have something like that it might be a good idea.

Reactive dogs tend to have a threshold where once over that threshold, it is a lot harder to intervene and stop the barking/lunging/growling. You have to learn to keep them at a distance that allows them to stay under threshold while you work on reactivity, and build up to being able to walk close to other dogs and people. Learning to recognize signs of discomfort is invaluable. Quill tenses, puffs up, begins fixating, etc and those are all signs we're too close and we need to back off. It is a long process, but starting early is good, before the dog has a chance to reinforce the behavior.

We tell Quill to "Check it out" when something is happening he would react to (and we're at that safe distance), and then let him look for no more than 3 seconds before calling his attention back to us and rewarding for looking at us. If he fixates for longer than that, it is a "let's go!" and head off in the other direction and treat when he follows. You'll want an AMAZING treat for reactivity work because it can be hard to break that focus, so you need to be far more exciting than whatever the dog is fixating on. We used super smelly liver treats and hot dogs to begin with and sometimes even tossing a ball to him to catch if the excitement is extra exciting (he loves balls and chasing things), and are now at a point where we can use just regular (still delicious) treats and get a response...but it has been a year, and he still can't walk right next to another dog without reacting, so no it is a long road. But he will improve!

I'm by no means an expert and am still learning myself, but I'm happy to offer help in anyway I can!
 
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