Maybe AKC doesn't support cross breeding, but I am appauled at the fact that there are some breeders out there actively involved in 'local' kennel clubs... who show at AKC shows but yet still insist on advertsing designer breeds for sale. I was appauled that a member of the local Kennel Club breeds and shows Shih Tzu & Havanese and also sells Shih Tzu X Havanese puppies on a regular basis!!!!! And the AKC has no jurisdiction over these breeders.
I guess I am still trying to comprehend the fact tha AKC is only a registery and obviously have no code of ethics. And if they do, they are not abided by particuarly well. I looked up the code of ethics but couldn't find anything much that protects actual breeds or dogs in general.
:doh: I know this may seem naive, but I have only been in the USA for a couple years and I still am having major difficulty understanding how the biggest registry can operate this way.
The Australian National Kennel Club (ANKC)... whilst they have their problems... is a membership registry which promotes responsible ownership, breeding practices etc... Surely if the AKC were run in a similar manner and required annual membership like a breed club, would then be required to have a code of ethics similar to the ANKC which enforce rules with breeding, no cross breeding, no breeding unregistered dogs, prospective breeders must pass an open book exam before breeding a litter and registering puppies... prospective breeders must be a member for a minimum of 12 months before taking the exam....
Surely the AKC indirectly is also contributing to the puppy mills and the indiscriminate breeders, the so many that are making a salary out of selling puppies, designer breeds, etc.
This is the ANKC code of ethics... covers everything from conduct to age dogs are bred and how many times they can be bred. And if members don't abide by the rules and they are suspended or permanently banned from the association.
You may say that the puppy farmers are just not going to register their dogs with the ANKC because there are too many rules to abide by... this is true... but gradually the ANKC and it's members are educating the general public on where to purchase puppies (as ANKC breeders are forbidden to sell to pet stores) and more people are wanting puppies that are registered with papers, mostly pets that are registered on limited register.... so in turn it is helping to put the puppy mills out of business. Of course there are always going to be a minority unscrupulous breeders, even within the ANKC, but they don't last long as they are suspended when they don't follow the rules.
Here is a list of ANKC code of ethics... I realise that the breed clubs here have this in place, but the puppy mills are not going to be members of the breed clubs... I just don't understand why the AKC is run the way it is, apart from all the money the AKC gets from these breeders who breed for profit and not for the welfare of the dog. It would make so much more sense to run it as a membership/registery where the lost revenue from the puppy farmers, would be made up with the majority of memberships from responsible breeders, show exhibitors and the like.
ational Code of Ethics
Amended November 1996
Amended May 1998
Amended October 2000
Amended October 2001
Amended May 2005
Amended October 2007
Amended June 2008
Amended October 2008
Amended EAP July 2011
Each member, upon being elected or re elected to membership of a Member Body of the ANKC Ltd
shall be bound by the ANKC Ltd Code of Practice subject to each States relevant legislation.
A member shall not knowingly or recklessly misrepresent the ANKC Ltd or the member’s
A member shall not engage in any behaviour that is contrary to the standards accepted by the
A member shall display good sportsmanship and conduct at all times so as to reflect credit
upon themselves, the ANKC Ltd and the member’s Member Body.
Members shall constantly strive to improve their knowledge of their chosen breed or breeds,
and their knowledge of the requirements for the care, welfare and betterment of dogs.
Members shall ensure that all dogs under their control are properly controlled, housed, fed,
watered, exercised and receive veterinary care as required.
A member who leaves a dog owned by them in the care of another person shall remain
ultimately responsible for that dog.
A member shall take all appropriate lawful measures to assist a dog in distress.
A member shall positively enhance the reputation of dog breeders and owners by ensuring
that dogs owned by the member are not a danger or nuisance to the community.
A member shall not participate in nor support any activity in that involves cruelty or damage to
animals, excluding legal hunting activities.
A member shall not dispose of dogs owned or bred by the member to a pound or animal
A member shall breed primarily for the purpose of improving the quality and / or working
ability of the breed in accordance with the breed standard, and not specifically for the pet or
A member shall not breed with a bitch unless the bitch has reached adequate maturity for that
breed as determined by the member’s Member Body.
A member shall not breed a bitch (except under extenuating circumstances) causing it to
whelp more than twice in eighteen months without the prior approval of the member’s
A member shall not breed a bitch (except under extenuating circumstances) causing it to
whelp more than six times without prior veterinary certification of fitness for further breeding,
and without prior approval of the member’s Member Body.
A member shall not permit any of that member’s pure bred dogs to be mated to a dog of a
different breed, to a cross bred dog, to an unregistered dog of the same breed, or to a dog not
on the Main Register without the prior approval of the member’s Member Body.
A member shall take responsible action to reduce the incidence of hereditary diseases in
accordance with the ANKC Ltd Code of Practice for Hereditary Diseases.
A member shall not, within Australia, sell or otherwise transfer from that member’s care any
puppy under eight  weeks of age without the approval of the member’s Member Body.
A member shall not export a puppy under the age of eleven  weeks, or such greater age
permitted under the livestock import requirements of the country to which the puppy is being
A member shall not knowingly sell a dog to any person residing in an overseas country known
to be involved in the utilisation of dogs for the meat trade without first satisfying the member’s
Member Body that the purchaser is a member of an ANKC Ltd recognised canine controlling
body in the overseas country. The member and purchaser must further acknowledge in
writing to the member’s Member Body that the intention of the sale is for the improvement of
the quality of that breed in the overseas country, and not for any other purpose.
A member shall ensure that persons acquiring dogs from that member understand the
requirements for the care, welfare and responsible ownership of the dog, and that they have
the time and facilities, e.g. adequate fences, sufficient room and proper shelter, to fulfil their
A breeder shall be expected to maintain reasonable contact with the purchasers of dogs from
that breeder and to offer continued advice and reasonable assistance.
A member shall register all puppies bred (excluding those breeds listed in ANKC Ltd
Regulation Part 6, Section 6.2 whose specific colours precludes them from being registered
on any Register) by that member that are living at the date of registration. Such registration
must include all puppies from the litter on the one litter registration application form and must
be applied for within eighteen  months of the date of whelping. (6/08)
A member shall provide to all recipients of dogs sold or otherwise disposed of by that
member, written details of:
The breed characteristics;
Vaccination record and / or requirements;
Responsible dog ownership information; and
All documentation required by the member’s Member Body.
A member shall not incorrectly describe nor knowingly misrepresent the characteristics of a
A member shall ensure that all dogs sold or disposed or by that member are in the best
possible state of health. Where a dog with a health issue or disability is disposed of the
member must obtain from the recipient written and signed acknowledgement of the condition
of the dog.
A member shall not:
Sell or dispose of a dog to a commercial pet wholesaler or retail pet shop unless they
are accredited by the Pet Industry Association of Australia Limited (PIAA).There are no pet stores that are accredited and I doubt ever will be
Allow a dog owned by that member to be given as a prize or donation or to be
A member shall not conduct or permit mother / son, father / daughter or brother / sister
matings. The member is fully aware that puppies as a result of such matings will not be
registered without first gaining approval from the Member Body for the mating for scientifically
proven welfare or veterinary reasons. (Added EAP 07/11)
A member who provides or makes available a dog for use in a film, advertisement, promotion,
or any media or public display must ensure that:
The dog is portrayed in a manner consistent with its breed characteristics and
temperament as described in the Standard for that breed; and
The dog is presented in a manner that is unlikely to create a negative reaction to
dogs generally or that breed in particular and that if there is any likelihood of a
negative impression, this is at the same time corrected through the development of a
story line that presents the dog or breed in a balanced manner.
A member shall not indulge in false or misleading advertising relating to the conformation,
characteristics or performance of that member’s dog.
A member shall not misrepresent nor malign the conformation, characteristics or performance
of another member’s dog.