I agree with what LeoRose said about how complicated longevity is. That said, there is research being done on it in hopes of finding ways to extend canine lives. I know in Rottweilers there is a project where info is being gathered on individuals who live to 13 and beyond. Any blood tests taken throughout the dog's life are gathered. Dogs are visited by a vet involved in the project after age 13, and when the dog dies, owner willing, there's a necropsy. This isn't just to research genetic factors in longevity but also environmental factors. I'm sure other breeds have similar projects ongoing, and as LeoRose also pointed out, there are breeders of dogs such as Basenjis taking steps to help their breed. There are now tests that can be done for genetic markers for health conditions in a lot of breeds.