Do your dog stay within a certain distance of you, even while off-leash and out exploring?
Wally will and it's interesting. It's like he can tell just how far away he is, and if he's "too far" he'll stop and look. If I taught this, I have no idea how I did it. If he taught himself this - I still have no idea how he did it!
It just kinda happened. Maybe it's a breed thing - some sort of internal instinct to say within a certain distance? Even if he's walking out ahead of me, he'll turn and like double-back to line up with me again, then walk out front to that distance, like he's counting the steps he can take
I notice it's also a smaller distance at night. Now I know I didn't teach him that. Wouldn't even know how to begin (well, I have an idea, but not on how to associate it with the day-night cycle). Also it varies based on his state of mind - i.e the "radius" is wider if he's feeling confident while very tiny if he's anxious (which makes sense)