How Does A Rare Breed Become Recognized?
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Thread: How Does A Rare Breed Become Recognized?

  1. #1
    Senior Member ChRotties's Avatar
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    Lightbulb How Does A Rare Breed Become Recognized?

    My intention of this post is to educate. There is a lot of FALSE information being given to prospective puppy buyers regarding the "designer dogs". One of them being "rare breed", or "registered".
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    For those that are curious about how a rare breed/new breed becomes recognized by AKC
    here is a helpful link: http://www.akc.org/reg/fss_details.cfm

    For those that would like to read now, here it is copied directly :-)

    Foundation Stock Service® Program

    The American Kennel Club created the Foundation Stock Service® (FSS®) to answer the needs of today's rare breed fanciers. The Foundation Stock Service® is an optional record keeping service for all purebred breeds not currently registrable with the American Kennel Club.

    Goals of the Foundation Stock Service®

    The AKC is committed to taking the necessary action to ensure the continuation of purebred dogs. In accord with this objective, the AKC created the FSS® record-keeping service to allow rare breed fanciers to continue their commitment to the improvement of their breed.

    One of the most serious concerns for any breed is the integrity of its pedigree and ownership records. For many fanciers, the ultimate goal is full AKC recognition. There are several criteria that must be met in order to achieve this plateau. Often, the biggest hurdle is creating and maintaining accurate records.

    With the FSS®, the AKC staff of experts will maintain the pedigree and ownership records in addition to a stud book. The AKC has more than 100 years of experience protecting the integrity of registries for purebred dogs.

    Fanciers who record their dogs with the FSS® can rest assured that the AKC will maintain quality stud books for their breeds.

    The Benefits of Enrolling in FSS®

    The Foundation Stock Service® allows purebred rare breeds to continue to develop while providing them with the security of a reliable and reputable avenue to maintain their records.

    Foundation Stock Service® is not a requirement for fanciers of a breed who want to achieve full AKC recognition, however, select FSS® breeds may now compete in Companion Events. Breeds must have 150 dogs with three-generation pedigrees recorded in the FSS®, a breed standard, and an active breed club in order to compete. Recording your dog in FSS® can help catapult your breed into AKC competition.

    While the recording of a dog in FSS® does not constitute AKC recognition, it does provide the avenue to compete in the exciting world of Companion Events.

    Furthermore, those FSS® breeds that become eligible to compete in Companion Events have the opportunity to apply to participate in AKC Performance Events that pertain to the breed's original purpose.

    How Breeds Enter the FSS®The American Kennel Club considers requests to enter FSS® from breed clubs or individual fanciers of a breed. Those wishing to pursue recording with FSS® must:
    Fill out a questionnaire for new breeds.
    Provide a written breed history documenting the distinct breed over a period of many decades. The source of the historical information must also be provided.
    Provide an official written breed standard, indicating the origin of that standard. If the standard differs from the official breed standard in the breed country of origin please specify those differences.
    Provide photographs of the breed, including puppies and adults, as well as both dogs and bitches. If there are different accepted types in the breed, photographs of each type should be included and labeled as such.
    The AKC only considers adding new breeds to the FSS® or its registry upon request. The breed must be recognized by an acceptable foreign or domestic registry.

    The FSS® is not open to "rare" breeds that are a variation of an AKC-registrable breed or the result of a combination of two AKC-recognized breeds. This includes and is not limited to differences such as size (over and under), coat type, coat colors, and coat colors and/or types that are disqualifications from Conformation Events by AKC breed standards.

    FSS® Recording and Certificates

    When a dog is recorded in the Foundation Stock Service®, it is issued a numbered FSS® Certificate. This certificate indicates that the dog is the product of a purebred sire and dam of the same breed. In some cases, a breeder will determine that a dog should be recorded with "limited" status. A limited FSS® Certificate indicates that no offspring of the dog is eligible to be recorded in the FSS®.

    Dogs with two-generation pedigrees, one-generation pedigrees or names of sire and dam only, are eligible for enrollment in FSS® as the foundation stock of future generations.

    FSS® Certificates will be issued to all dogs enrolled in FSS®.

    Note: Any dog that has less than a three-generation pedigree will not move into full AKC recognition.

    What is next? Guidelines For Registering a New Breed

    If the goal for your breed is AKC recognition please consider the action items below after your breed is in the FSS®. The recognition process begins with admission of the breed to the Miscellaneous Class.
    Form a strong national breed club and encourage fanciers nationwide to join and get involved. A national breed club with representative membership of about 100 active households is expected for a breed to be placed in the Miscellaneous Class. The amount of active households needed can vary depending on the number of dogs recorded in the FSS®.
    Form some active committees such as a rescue committee or a health committee, put on shows, and publish a quarterly newsletter. A committed AKC liaison is also an integral part of any breed club seeking recognition, and keeping AKC updated on the club's various activities provides documentation of the fanciers' dedication to full AKC recognition. Current officer and membership lists must be on file with the AKC.
    Encourage other fanciers to record their dogs with FSS®. A minimum of 300-400 dogs with complete three-generation pedigrees, owned by many different individuals residing in various parts of the nation, must be recorded as part of the criteria for approval to move to the Miscellaneous Class. The more dogs you record with the FSS®, the more committed AKC believes the fanciers are to achieving full recognition. If the national breed club has not submitted its breed registry for entry into FSS®, the club is required to do so when moving to the Miscellaneous Class.
    Stay in contact. The AKC moves forward with recognition of breeds whose fanciers want the breed to be recognized. Maintaining regular contact with FSS® staff will show your enthusiasm for and commitment to AKC recognition.
    Breeds remain in the Miscellaneous Class one to three years and are evaluated at the end of each year. When all criteria are met the information is presented to the AKC Board of Directors for approval to move to full AKC recognition and breed conformation competition.

    © 2007 American Kennel Club® (AKC Copyright and Trademark Statement)
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  3. #2
    Senior Member lovemygreys's Avatar
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    The Silken Windhound is one breed working towards AKC/FCI recognition. Once/if that is achieved, we hope to add one to our family.
    Heather and the hounds ~ www.worldofgrey.com
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    Senior Member MagicToller's Avatar
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    Tollers finally gained full recognition in 2003 after much hardship and competing in the Miscellaneous Class for two years.
    Got Toller?


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    Senior Member animalcraker's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by lovemygreys View Post
    The Silken Windhound is one breed working towards AKC/FCI recognition. Once/if that is achieved, we hope to add one to our family.
    I want to have a silken someday as well, though I might not wait till they get accepted. I want to get a Kristull silken. Their also the only breed that requires DNA profile of the parents before the pupies can be regsitered.

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    Senior Member CrzyBritNAmerica's Avatar
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    I have a slightly off-topic...but semi-related question. I looked into it and Catahoula Leopard dogs are not registered by the AKC, but are they a breed? I am not interested in getting on or anything, but I see them a lot here in town and I was wondering where they actually stand?

    The only thing vicious about my pit bull is her gas!

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    Quote Originally Posted by CrzyBritNAmerica View Post
    I have a slightly off-topic...but semi-related question. I looked into it and Catahoula Leopard dogs are not registered by the AKC, but are they a breed? I am not interested in getting on or anything, but I see them a lot here in town and I was wondering where they actually stand?
    yes the catahoula are regestered with the AKC in the FSS section.http://www.akc.org/breeds/fss_breeds.cfm
    i never have seen the american bulldog on the website i am curious about why they are not.

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    Senior Member CrzyBritNAmerica's Avatar
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    Ah I see. That's interesting, I'd never actually heard of FSS before. I read about it on there. So they are sort of affiliated with the AKC but aren't elegible to be AKC registered? That's what I got out of their FSS description. Can they ever become AKC breeds? Meaning, was the (for example) Toller an FSS accepted breed that became accepted fully into the AKC?

    The only thing vicious about my pit bull is her gas!

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    Senior Member MagicToller's Avatar
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    FSS is a program for well developed but unrecognized breeds - it holds open registration for approved dogs of specific parentage so that puppies of the breed may begin to be registered. I believe FSS registration for Tollers was held from 1999 - 2001 and then it was into the miscellaneous class, and finally, induction! So yes, eventually, with the proper exhibition and breeding, dogs that are approved FSS, are generally recognized 3 - 6 years later.
    Got Toller?


  10. #9
    Senior Member CrzyBritNAmerica's Avatar
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    Thanks for the ingo Magic Toller! I wondered how the induduction of new breeds into AKC worked. It's so interesting!

    The only thing vicious about my pit bull is her gas!

  11. #10
    Senior Member MagicToller's Avatar
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    No Problem! ^_^ I think so too, it's a fantastic way to screen dogs for health and working ability as well as conformation to make sure they are good breeding foundation stock.
    Got Toller?


  12. #11
    Senior Member CrzyBritNAmerica's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by MagicToller View Post
    No Problem! ^_^ I think so too, it's a fantastic way to screen dogs for health and working ability as well as conformation to make sure they are good breeding foundation stock.
    True! I don't really think I will ever actually own a show quality dog or any purebred for that matter, but I still LOVE to study them! I mean you never know I could change my mind someday...I have always been a MAJOR fan of Old English Sheepdogs...and now that I don't live in 100 degree Phoenix weather (and NEVER plan to again) it might be an option at some point in my life.

    The only thing vicious about my pit bull is her gas!

  13. #12
    Senior Member ChRotties's Avatar
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    I'm so glad my posting that info has been useful...

    I'm a fan of the Tollers...great breed...
    I love the expression and the personality of those that I've had contact with.

  14. #13
    Senior Member MagicToller's Avatar
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    I'm a fan of the Tollers...great breed...
    I love the expression and the personality of those that I've had contact with.
    Haha, yes - they are oozing with expression and personality. Working and training with Tollers has been an awesome experience (I've been training with a good friend of mine and all of her Tollers for a while until I got my own) - it really does something to you. They are so bright - they really know how to cut corners.. and they are fantastic field and hunting dogs.
    Got Toller?


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    Senior Member Chloef_2799's Avatar
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    TravisR - thanks for putting that link up concerning dogs that are not registered with the AKC but are recognized as Foundation Stock. I didn't know all the coonhounds (I love coonhounds btw) are on that list. I usually don't concern myself much with the registries because I am more concerned with health problems but that was very interesting. I didn't know beorboels and Tosa's were on their either....interesting.
    ruff....riff riff...bark bark bark growl....ruff growl!
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